Breaking Out was, for me, showing us that men can dance too."Patrick Parson, artistic director of Ballet Creole
By Neil Armstrong
Patrick Parson, artistic director of Ballet Creole, a company and school he founded in 1990, is undaunted by the challenges faced and intends to celebrate its silver anniversary with gusto from now to June 2015.
To do this, he has created a new production, Water is Life, which signifies that “no matter what blockage you put in front of the water it always finds a way, so I think in our 25th year no matter what obstacles we had in the past, we’re going to keep flowing -- that’s the message.”
The native of Trinidad and Tobago who has been a dancer and musician from the age of 10 says since the company lost its office space a few years ago, it has been experiencing cuts in government grants from the province.
“We’ve never had any luck or breakthrough with the federal grant so after 25 years, we are still pushing forward to get accepted as a major organization in the dance world from the African Caribbean aesthetics in dance and music,” he says.
Comprised of both a professional ensemble of dancers and drummers – the company – and a School of Performing Arts, Ballet Creole focuses on the process of creolization, a fusion of diverse traditional and contemporary Caribbean and African dance and music.
It has never received operating funds at the federal level but, according to Parson, “we get little projects here and there in between the 25 years but we’ve been pushing for operating funds for the past 20 years but nothing has come forward from the federal government.”
He says this happens even though the company has proven that it is viable and is here to stay. The artistic director speculates that the government may have guidelines that Ballet Creole might not be meeting which explains the reason it has never received a grant from the Canadian government.
The veteran dancer continues to draw much of his artistic inspiration from the vibrant multicultural community that makes up the Caribbean.
He says the whole of the Caribbean is a creolized culture, that is, different cultures coming together.
Parson says creolization is not only about African and the French speaking but the concept of it is about different ethnic groups, languages, DNAs coming together and it is done through force and consent.
He spent his early years singing in choirs, composing and singing calypsos, playing with steel orchestras, dancing and drumming with community folk groups.
The artistic director and choreographer studied ballet and modern dance at the Caribbean School of Dance and the Dance Academy of Trinidad and Tobago. He was trained in the dance and drumming styles of Guinea and Senegal by Mor Thiam, the artistic director of Les Ballets Africains, and in Canada graduated from The School of Toronto Dance Theatre.
A signature piece of Ballet Creole is Breaking Out, created in 2006, an all-male ballet that celebrates masculinity and defies common stereotypes regarding men in dance.
Parson says coming from the Caribbean, the company he was with had sixteen men, and twelve female, and men were prominent in the dance world in Trinidad and Tobago, regardless of the stigma that most male dancers are gay.
He then immigrated to Canada and according to him, from the ‘60s to the late ‘80s many gay men were still in the closet.
“I think because of that most males, straight men, didn’t gravitate to the dance world too much so there were less males in the dance world.”
Parson says when he did Breaking Out, people realized that it was just art and he was bringing in more men from Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahamas, Bermuda and South Africa to train here because the dance companies here only had a few men.
He notes that in the US, men have always been involved in dance companies and in black dance companies like Alvin Ailey and Dance Theatre of Harlem.
Having brought in men from abroad to dance here, it created a presence of black men in dance and because of this, Parson decided to create a piece about men coming into the artistic dance world.
“I was able to do a piece at least for four men, and not only that, I look at gender crossing like men are macho, men are feminist, there’s female qualities and male qualities in men and I wanted to bring that out. Breaking Out was, for me, showing us that men can dance too, regardless of their preferences within the gender, even though we’re all supposed to be male.”
Parson's founding of Ballet Creole brought Black Dance to mainstream Canadian stages, establishing the company as the forerunner of Black Dance in Canada.
Ballet Creole was initially asked to create a commissioned work for the 2015 Pan Am/Parapan Am Games but lost out when a Vancouver-based company subsequently got the main commission.
“We are working with the offshoot of the Pan Am Games which is the Pan Am Path. Fortunately, we are the only main dance company that has been accepted into the lineup. I’m working on something called J’ouvert for the Pan Am Path.”
The Pan Am Path is a multi-use path to connect Toronto’s trails and create an active-living legacy for the Games. It will connect over 80km of trails across Toronto and bring together residents, local organizations, artists and businesses to create vibrant public spaces that are reflections of those communities along the route.
"We are working feverishly now to accumulate the funds so that I can put the production together cause as the only main company and this is a celebration of our 25th year, I’m looking to have something that’s never been done before. J’ouvert is the carnival before carnival in Trinidad and that has a lot of spiritual and artistic expression and that’s what I want to bring," he says.
Parson is the recipient of the Entrepreneurial Award of Merit from the African Caribbean Chamber of Commerce, and the New Pioneers Award from Skills for Change, for his pioneering work in the world of dance in Canada.
He has served as cultural advisor to the Toronto Arts Council, Canada Council for the Arts, Metro Cultural Affairs, Ontario Arts Council, Harbourfront Centre, Laidlaw Foundation, and the Arts Advantage Program at Downsview Secondary School.
He holds a Masters degree in dance ethnology from York University where he has been a course director in the faculties of fine arts and kinesiology.
The outspoken choreographer regularly conducts workshops and lecture demonstrations for universities and schools in Ontario. Through extensive studies at the Katherine Dunham Institute for Humanities, he has been awarded certification as a teacher of the Dunham Technique, which he teaches in Canada where it is little known and practiced.